Military Organization > Soviet Union > Soviet Motorized Rifle Company (1949-1962)

Soviet Motorized Rifle Company (1949-1962)

The following was the organization of the BTR-40, BTR-152, BTR-60P, or truck equipped Motorized Rifle Company (Мотострелковая рота) of the Soviet Army from roughly 1949 to 1962. This could also be considered a "half-platoon APC" organization. This is based on a study published by Moscow State Technical University in 2012 (linked in the sources section). The company consisted of 5 officers and 112 to 120 enlisted personnel, and the next level up would have been the Motorized Rifle Battalion.

Contents:

  1. Organization

  2. Diagram

  3. Notes on Equipment

  4. Sources

mot rifle platoon-01.png
 

Organization

  • Type: Mechanized Infantry Company

  • Origin: Soviet Army (Soviet Union)

  • Time Frame: 1949 to 1962

  • Vehicles: 7 BTR-152s (as of 1949) or 11 BTR-40s (as of 1950) or 7 BTR-60Ps (as of 1959) 

  • Personnel: 5 Officers and 112-120 Enlisted

Company Headquarters (Отделение управления)

  • 1× Company Commander, armed with 1 AK rifle*

  • 2× Riflemen, armed with 1 AK rifle each

  • 1× Sniper, armed with 1 M1891/30 rifle with optic
     

​→ Vehicle Crews (2 or 4 Enlisted each)**

  • 1× or 2× Drivers, Private (OR-1)

  • 1× or 2× Vehicle Gunners, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 SG-43 machine gun

→ Vehicles

  • 1× BTR-152/BTR-60P or 2× BTR-40 Armored Personnel Carriers

1× Machine Gun Platoon (Пулеметный взвод)

  • 1× Platoon Commander, armed with 1 AK rifle

  • 1× Rifleman, armed with 1 AK rifle

  • 3× Machine Gun Team Leaders, armed with 1 AK rifle each

  • 3× Machine Gunners, armed with 1 RP-46 machine gun

  • 3× Assistant Machine Gunner, armed with 1 AK rifle each

3× Rifle Platoons (Мотострелковый взвод)

  • 1× Platoon Commander, Junior Lieutenant or Lieutenant (OF-1), armed with 1 AK rifle

​→ 3× Rifle Sections (9 Enlisted each)

  • 1× Squad Leader/Vehicle Commander, Junior Sergeant (OR-5) or Sergeant (OR-6), armed with 1 AK rifle

  • 1× Senior Rifleman, Yefreytor (OR-4), armed with 1 AK rifle

  • 1× Light Machine Gunner, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 RPD light machine gun

  • 1× Grenadier, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 RPG-2 rocket launcher

  • 1× Assistant Grenadier, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 AK rifle

  • 4× Riflemen, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 AK rifle
     

​→ Vehicle Crews (4 or 6 Enlisted each)**

  • 2× or 3× Drivers, Private (OR-1)

  • 2× or 3× Vehicle Gunners, Private (OR-1), armed with 1 SGMB machine gun

→ Vehicles

  • 2× BTR-152/BTR-60P or 3× BTR-40 Armored Personnel Carriers each

* See "Notes on Equipment" for the timeline of the standard equipment.

** The vehicles and their crew (driver and gunner) were contained within the battalion's APC platoon and attached directly to the rifle companies for transport. In BTR-40 equipped companies, each squad would have been transported in 1 BTR-40, with 3 per platoon. In BTR-152 or BTR-60P equipped companies, each platoon would have 2 vehicles with each vehicle transporting a half-platoon.

 

Diagrams

 

Notes on Equipment

  • Timeline of the squad level service rifles:

    • SKS (1946-1949) - Replaced the M1891/30 "Mosin-Nagant" as the standard service rifle. Started to be phased out by the AK beginning in 1949 and completely phased out of frontline combat units by around 1952.​

    • AK (1949-1959) - Replaced the SKS, with all combat units being equipped with the AK by 1952. However, SKSs were still available to limit foreigner knowledge of the AK.

    • AKM (1959-1980s) - A modified variant replacing the AK beginning in 1959, although the AK remained in service.
       

  • The BTR-40 was introduced in 1950 while the BTR-152 was introduced in 1949. Prior to this, the motorized rifle companies would likely be transported by GAZ/UAZ trucks. The BTR-60P, introduced in 1960, would also fit with this organization.
     

  • The RPG-2 was adopted in 1949. This organization would have been valid from 1946 to 1949 with the exclusion of the RPG-2 from the squads.​

 

"The secret of all victory lies in the organization of the non-obvious."

      - Marcus Aurelius

Social

© 2019 Battle Order