Military Organization > East Germany > DDR Mot. Schützenkompanie, BMP-1 (1985)

DDR Mot. Schützenkompanie, BMP-1 (1985)

The following was the organization of the BMP-1 equipped Mot. Schützenkompanie of the East German NVA from the late 1980s to 1990. This assumes the adoption of the East German production AK-74N (MPi-K74N) which replaced the AKM/AKMS (MPi-KM/S) in 1985. These units were analogous to the Soviet Motorized Rifle Companies. The next unit up was the Mot. Schützenbataillon which consisted of a battalion HQ, 3 rifle companies and supporting units.

Contents:

  1. Organization

  2. Additional Equipment

  3. Posters/Prints

  4. Sources

 

Organization

  • Type: Mechanized Infantry Company

  • Origin: National People's Army (East Germany)

  • Time Frame: ~1985 to 1990

  • Personnel: 5 Officers and 107 Enlisted

  • Vehicles: 10 BMP-1s and 1 Ural-357D

Kompanietrupp (2 Officers, 11 Enlisted, 1 BMP, and 1 Truck)

​→ Company Troop BMP-1 [A] [B]

Vehicle Crews:

  • 1× Kompaniechef (Company Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Hauptmann (OF-2)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

 

Personnel: 

  • 1× Stellvertreter des Kompanie für politischen Arbeit (Political Officer), a Leutenant (OF-1)

  • 1× Schirrmeister/Stellvertreter des Kompaniechefs für technische Ausrüstung (Technician), a Feldwebel (OR-6)

  • 1× Kompanietruppführer (Company Troop Leader), an Unteroffizier or Unterfeldwebel (OR-5)

  • 1× Funker (Radio Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Sanitater (Medic), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Fla-Raketen-Schütze 1 (MANPADS Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 Strela-2M

  • Fla-Raketen-Schütze 2 (Assistant MANPADS Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)
     

​→ Company Support Ural-375D [C]

  • 1× Hauptfeldwebel (Administrative First Sergeant), an Oberfeldwebel (OR-7)

  • 1× Schreiber (Company Clerk), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

[A] The company headquarters is split across two BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles.

3× Motorisierter Schützenzug (1 Officer, 32 Enlisted, and 3 BMP each)

​→ BMP-1 (1)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Zugführer (Platoon Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Unterleutnant or Leutnant or Oberleutnant (OF-1), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) [C] each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifles (AK-74N)
     

​→ BMP-1 (2)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Stellvertreter Zugführer (Deputy Platoon Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Feldwebel (OR-6), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifles (AK-74N)

​→ BMP-1 (3)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader and Vehicle Commander), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KS74NK carbine (AKS-74NK)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifle (AK-74N)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-K74N rifles (AK-74N)

[A] The vehicle commander dismounts with the rest of the squad/platoon, whether they're a group leader, the platoon leader, or platoon second-in-command. In this scenario, the vehicle gunner directs the movement of the vehicle driver.

[B] The deputy group leader fills a role similar to that of the Senior Rifleman in Soviet doctrine. When dismounted, the deputy group leader may lead the maneuver element (including 1 RPK machine gunner and 2 riflemen) while the group leader commands the fire element (including 1 RPK machine gunner, 1 RPG operator, and 1 assistant RPG operator).

[C] Following 1964, the most common machine gun used by the East Germans was the Soviet-produced RPK chambered in 7.62x39mm which replaced the lMG-D (RPD)). Even with the Soviets' adoption of the RPK-74 chambered in 5.45x39mm and the East German's usage of 5.45x39mm rifles, the RPK was retained because the East Germans intended to produce their own light machine gun (lMG K-500) based on their MPi-K74N production. The Germans were unable to produce the RPK-74 itself domestically because they did not have the machine tools to produce a weapon with the barrel length of the RPK-74. Although the Germans had received RPK-74s from the USSR, it is believed they were primarily for trial purposes to aid in future domestic production that was cut off by the end of the Cold War. The RPK even saw limited service in the first years of the reunification, when former NVA motorized units retained their weapons and vehicles, but were issued Bundeswehr uniforms.

[D] There is disagreement over whether the RPG operator was also armed with a side arm. He was either armed with a Makarov PM as a side arm or was armed exclusively with the RPG-7.

 

Additional Equipment

  • A number of RPG-18 disposable light anti-tank rocket launchers would have been distributed throughout the rifle squads (likely to riflemen). 

 

Available Prints:

Sources

  • Die Mot-Schützen der NVA by Wilfried Kopenhagen
     

  • Handbuch für mot. Schützen (1976)
     

 

"The secret of all victory lies in the organization of the non-obvious."

      - Marcus Aurelius

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