Military Organization > East Germany > DDR Mot. Schützenkompanie, BMP-1 (1973)

DDR Mot. Schützenkompanie, BMP-1 (1973)

The following was the organization of the BMP-1 equipped Mot. Schützenkompanie of the East German NVA from approximately 1973 to the mid- to late-1980s. This is following the adoption of the BMP-1 and the MPi KMs 72. These units were analogous to the Soviet Motorized Rifle Companies. This is based on Die Mot-Schützen der NVA by Wilfried Kopenhagen, a page out of a manual on NVA BMP-1 loadings, and tertiary source forum posts on the topic. The next unit up was the Mot. Schützenbataillon which consisted of a battalion HQ, 3 rifle companies and supporting units.

 

Organization

  • Type: Mechanized Infantry Company

  • Origin: National People's Army (East Germany)

  • Time Frame: ~ 1973 to ~1985

  • Personnel: 5 Officers and 107 Enlisted

  • Vehicles: 10 BMP-1s and 1 Ural-357D

Kompanietrupp (2 Officers, 11 Enlisted, 1 BMP, and 1 Truck)

​→ Company Troop BMP-1 [A] [B]

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Kompaniechef (Company Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Hauptmann (OF-2)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

 

Passenger Compartment: 

  • 1× Stellvertreter des Kompanie für politischen Arbeit (Political Officer), a Leutenant (OF-1)

  • 1× Schirrmeister/Stellvertreter des Kompaniechefs für technische Ausrüstung (Technician), a Feldwebel (OR-6)

  • 1× Kompanietruppführer (Company Troop Leader), an Unteroffizier or Unterfeldwebel (OR-5)

  • 1× Funker (Radio Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Sanitater (Medic), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

  • 1× Fla-Raketen-Schütze 1 (MANPADS Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 Strela-2M

  • Fla-Raketen-Schütze 2 (Assistant MANPADS Operator), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)
     

​→ Company Support Ural-375D [C]

  • 1× Hauptfeldwebel (Administrative First Sergeant), an Oberfeldwebel (OR-7)

  • 1× Schreiber (Company Clerk), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2)

[A] Some sources attribute an additional 2 riflemen and 1 group leader to the company troop. However, this would exceed the confines of the BMP-1's passenger compartment. Thus, it is possible that this was only true for BTR-equipped units.

[B] The standard tracked infantry fighting vehicle of the East Germans was the BMP-1. By the end of the Cold War, the Germans had only received 23 of the BMP-2s that the Soviets had adopted in 1980.

[C] The company's Ural-375D carried munitions for the men, their ruck sacks, rations, half-shelters, and towed a trailer containing explosives and munitions for the BMP-1s.

3× Motorisierter Schützenzug (1 Officer, 32 Enlisted, and 3 BMP each)

​→ BMP-1 (1)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Zugführer (Platoon Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Unterleutnant or Leutnant or Oberleutnant (OF-1), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) [C] each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

​→ BMP-1 (2)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Stellvertreter Zugführer (Deputy Platoon Commander and Vehicle Commander), a Feldwebel (OR-6), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

​→ BMP-1 (3)

Crew Compartment:

  • 1× Gruppenführer (Group Leader and Vehicle Commander), Unterfeldwebel or Unteroffizier (OR-5), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 1× Fahrer (Vehicle Driver), a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

  • 1× Richtschützen (Vehicle Gunner) [A], a Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS)

Passenger Compartment:

  • 1× Stellvertreter Gruppenführer (Deputy Group Leader) [B], Gefreiter (OR-2) or Stabsgefreiter (OR-4), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× M.G.-Schützen (Machine Gunners), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 lMG-K automatic rifle (RPK) each

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 1 (RPG Operator) [D], Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 RPG-7 rocket launcher

  • 1× Panzerbüchsen-Schütze 2 (Assistant RPG Operator), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

  • 2× Maschinenpistole-Schütze (Riflemen), Soldat (OR-1) or Gefreiter (OR-2), armed with 1 MPi-KMS-72 rifle (AKMS) or 1 MPi-KM rifle (AKM)

[A] The vehicle commander dismounts with the rest of the squad/platoon, whether they're a group leader, the platoon leader, or platoon second-in-command. In this scenario, the vehicle gunner directs the movement of the vehicle driver.

[B] The deputy group leader fills a role similar to that of the Senior Rifleman in Soviet doctrine. When dismounted, the deputy group leader may lead the maneuver element (including 1 RPK machine gunner and 2 riflemen) while the group leader commands the fire element (including 1 RPK machine gunner, 1 RPG operator, and 1 assistant RPG operator).

[C] Following 1964, the most common machine gun used by the East Germans was the Soviet-produced RPK chambered in 7.62x39mm which replaced the lMG-D (RPD)). Even with the Soviets' adoption of the RPK-74 chambered in 5.45x39mm and the East German's usage of 5.45x39mm rifles, the RPK was retained because the East Germans intended to produce their own light machine gun (lMG K-500) based on their MPi-K74N production. The Germans were unable to produce the RPK-74 itself domestically because they did not have the machine tools to produce a weapon with the barrel length of the RPK-74. Although the Germans had received RPK-74s from the USSR, it is believed they were primarily for trial purposes to aid in future domestic production that was cut off by the end of the Cold War. The RPK even saw limited service in the first years of the reunification, when former NVA motorized units retained their weapons and vehicles, but were issued Bundeswehr uniforms.

[D] There is disagreement over whether the RPG operator was also armed with a side arm. He was either armed with a Makarov PM as a side arm or was armed exclusively with the RPG-7.

 

Additional Equipment

  • A number of RPG-18 disposable light anti-tank rocket launchers would have been distributed throughout the rifle squads (likely to riflemen). 

"The secret of all victory lies in the organization of the non-obvious."

      - Marcus Aurelius

Social

© 2019 Battle Order